Saturday, 29 July 2017

gable and cephalopod

grimpoteuthis

Proto-Indo-European *ghebh-(e)l- "head" became Proto-Germanic *ǥaƀlaz "top of a pitched roof", then Old Norse gafl, borrowed into Old French as gable, then borrowed into English as gable.

In Greek *ghebh-(e)l-became κεϕαλή kephalē "head", which was borrowed into English as cephalopod with Greek πούς, ποδ- pous, pod- "foot". Cephalopods were so named because their feet are attached to their head, altho they are usually called arms.

In Tocharian A, *ghebh-(e)l- became śpāl "head".

Saturday, 15 July 2017

fight and ctenophore

pelagic ctenophore
benthic ctenophore
Proto-Indo-European *peḱ- "to pluck the hair" in the extended form *peḱt- became Proto-Germanic *feχtan "to fight" and English fight.

The zero-grade form *pḱt-en- became Greek κτείς, κτενός kteis, ktenos "comb", borrowed into English in ctenophore, the comb jelly.

Sunday, 9 July 2017

Kamasutra and hymen

The kama of kamasutra is from Sanskrit कामः kāmaḥ "wish, desire, love", cognate with whore.

sutra is from Sanskrit सूत्रं sūtraṁ "thread" and "any work or manual consisting of strings of such rules hanging together like threads", from Proto-Indo-European *syuH- "to bind, sew" in the variant suffixed form *sū-tro-.

The suffixed form *syuH-men became Greek ὑμήν humēn "thin skin, membrane", borrowed into English as hymen.