Saturday, 17 June 2017

Crepax's reversed Lautverschiebung


Guido Crepax's Valentina comics feature a subterranean race with a language that was heavily influenced by Germanic languages - he calls it "Lautverschiebung in reverse" as I noted in my previous post.

These stories have recently been published by Fantagraphics in beautiful English editions and I am reading them for the first time. Here are some of the words of the subterranean language, their meanings, and my guesses on where Crepax got them. Most of them are from Gothic.

In writing this post I looked in a bunch of Gothic dictionaries.

HÍMANA
celestial
Gothic himina- "heaven"

LÁIH
body
Old High German líh

NÍMAN
imprison, arrest, take
Gothic niman

QÉNA
queen
Gothic qens "wife"

QÍMAN
came
QAM
come
QÁMAN
come
Gothic qiman "to come", qam "come (1s pret)"

ÍH
I
Old High German ih

WÉIT
we
Gothic wit

NÉH
near
Gothic neƕ

BRÁUKJAN
need
Gothic brukjan

LEBANRAUMNAN
vital space
German Lebensraum

GRÉIPAN
invade
Gothic greipan "to snatch, clasp"

DÁUT
death
Gothic dauþus

WÁRTAN
will
Gothic wairþan "to become"

NÉSJAN
save
Gothic nasjan "to escape"

TIÚDAN
people
Gothic þiuda

WÁRPAN
throw
Gothic wairpan

WATO
water
Gothic watō

DIÚPAN
dive
Gothic diups "deep"

BLÍNTANA
blind
Old High German blint

WÁIHMA
soft
Old High German weih

WÁRMA
warm

WIL
will

SIN
she
Gothic si

MÁGAN
we can
Old High German magan

GÉNAN
go
Old High German gēn

SÁIHANDA
sighted
Gothic saíƕan "to see" with a present participle type ending

LÁUTANA
sonic
German laut

ÚNKARA
our
Gothic unsara

HÁBAI
has
Gothic habai "have" (3s pres act subj)

IÚPANA
up
Gothic iup

SÍLDA TÁGLAN
short hair
Gothic sild is "rare" and tagl is "tail, hair"

ÓGTANDA
scared
Gothic ôgan "to fear" with a present participle type ending

QAD
said
Gothic qaþ, 1s pret of qiþan "to say"

HÉHALD
stop
Proto-Germanic *hehald "stop" (1s past ind)

TAIHÉIT
relative pronoun
Gothic þáiei "relative pronoun (nom pl m)"?

There are a few that I can't find:

LÉTNAN
land

MÁTNAN
man, men

QÉD
kneel

MÁKLA
great

GEQÚNDAN
dances

JGHNA
Virgo

MÁUTIA
woman

1 comment :

Languagehat said...

Some of your "can't find" items have been identified by commenters at my post on this: http://languagehat.com/crepaxs-reversed-lautverschiebung/