Thursday, 8 August 2013

heddle, have, hawk, recipe

Proto-Indo-European *kap- "to grasp" became Proto-Germanic *haf- and Old English hefeld "thread used for weaving", metathesized to *hefedl, then English heddle.



The form *kap-o- became English have and behave.

Proto-Germanic *haƀ-uko-z became Old English heafoc and English hawk. The *-uko- suffix is also found in bullock, bollocks, paddock, etc.

The form *kap-yo- became Latin capiō "to take, seize, catch". From this was derived recipere "admit, give shelter" which found its way thru French into English as receive. The second person singular imperative of recipere was recipe. In English recipe was originally used by doctors to begin a medical prescription, for instance "Recipe brede gratyd, & eggis" (from The babees book).

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