Thursday, 11 November 2010

hoosegow and judge

Hoosegow, an American word for prison, is borrowed from South American or Mexican Spanish juzgao, from Spanish juzgado "tribunal". This is from Latin iūdicātum/iūdicāre "to judge". This and the related iūdex/iūdicem "right, law" are from PIE *i̯eu̯es-deiḱ- - from *i̯eu̯es- "law" and *deiḱ- "to show".

iūdicem became French juge, borrowed into English as judge.

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