Tuesday, 12 February 2008

lord and wardrobe

lord is from Old English hlāford from hlāf "loaf, bread" and weard "guardian, ward". See lady. weard is from Proto-Germanic *warđaz which is from the Proto-Indo-European root *wer- "to perceive, watch out for" (not to be confused with *wer- "to turn, bend").

*wer- gives us words such as:
wary from Old English wær "prudent"
guard from Old French guarder "to keep, to guard" from Proto-Germanic *warđaz
wardrobe from Old French guarderobe from guarder and robe "clothing" (from Proto-Germanic *rauƀō "plunder" as in "clothes taken as plunder", from PIE *reup- "to snatch")
Arcturus from Greek ἄρκτος arktos "bear" (from PIE *h₂rtḱo- "bear") and οὖρος ouros "guard" from the suffixed form *wor-wo. The star was so named because it is near Ursa Major, the bear.
panorama from Greek πας, παν pas, pan "all" (from *pant- "all" attested only in Tocharian and Greek) and horāma "sight" from ὁράω horaō "to see" from the variant *s(w)or-.

2 comments :

Glen Gordon said...

The PIE root *reub- doesn't look right to me for two reasons, the *b (which is exceedingly rare to non-existent in PIE) and initial *r- (also rare in PIE). I know that Pokorny reconstructs *reup- "to rob" so I wonder if this is in fact supposed to be *Hreup- with *rauƀō coming from *Hroup-éh₂. Unfortunately, I'm not familiar with this root so I can't say for certain what the proper form should be. Shame on me.

goofy said...

First, you're right, *raubo is from a form ending in *p.

Watkins has "*reup-, also *reub-". I think that assuming 2 forms, one ending in *b and one in *p lets him derive PG *raubo (as in "reave") from the *p form, and PG *rupjan (as in "rip") from the *b form.